Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ)


Preventive and Diagnostic

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is similar to a sliding hinge that connects your jawbone to your skull. TMJ disorders can cause pain in the jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement.

To treat TMJ disorders, first the cause has to be identified. In less severe cases TMJ disorders can be treated with self-managed care (eating soft foods, using ice packs, avoiding extreme jaw movement) or nonsurgical treatments (anti-inflammatory medications, BOTOX® injections, stabilization splints). TMJ disorders are most often caused by muscle spasms but, in some cases, require very specialized treatment.


Extra-Articular Problem


Conservation Management:

  • Warm Compresses
  • Nightguard Therapy
  • Physical Therapy/Jaw Exercises
  • Muscle Relaxants/Anti-Inflammatory Medications
  • BOTOX® Injections into Surrounding Musculature

Intra-Articular Problem


Minimally Invasive Solutions:

  • Steroid Injections
  • Arthrocentesis

Minimally Invasive Surgery:

During arthroscopic surgery, the joint is accessed through a small incision with a camera and specialized instruments for the purpose of diagnosing and treating the patient’s condition.

Open TMJ Surgery:

Open Arthroplasty accessses the temporomandibular joint surgically for the purpose of addressing more advanced degenerative changes.
During a Temporalis Flap, your surgeon will replace the disc for more advanced degenerative changes in the joint, such as torn or compromised cartilage.
Total Temporomandibular Joint Replacement is necessary when a joint is not otherwise salvageable due to severe degenerative changes.